Vale recognizes the importance of biodiversity and deems it a subject intrinsic to its business, considering its richness, amplitude and value in maintaining life and ecosystem services.
We protect and help to protect an area approximately 11 times larger than the area occupied by our operations, that is, approximately 9.0 thousand km² of natural areas, thus contributing to the protection of native fauna and flora species, mainly endemic and endangered ones, taking into consideration an integrated management of territories we operate.
In line with our Sustainability Policy, the following commitments stand out as the basis of our activities:
Pessoas e comunidades
  • Identificação e indenização
  • Educação e cultura
  • Saúde e bem-estar
  • Comunidades tradicionais e indígenas
  • Engajamento e diálogo
  • Fomento à economia
  • To know and monitor biodiversity in territories where we operate;
    Pessoas e comunidades
  • Identificação e indenização
  • Educação e cultura
  • Saúde e bem-estar
  • Comunidades tradicionais e indígenas
  • Engajamento e diálogo
  • Fomento à economia
  • To manage risks and impacts by adopting prevention, mitigation/control, offset and monitoring measures;
    Pessoas e comunidades
  • Identificação e indenização
  • Educação e cultura
  • Saúde e bem-estar
  • Comunidades tradicionais e indígenas
  • Engajamento e diálogo
  • Fomento à economia
  • To promote transparency regarding practices and performance with stakeholders;
    Pessoas e comunidades
  • Identificação e indenização
  • Educação e cultura
  • Saúde e bem-estar
  • Comunidades tradicionais e indígenas
  • Engajamento e diálogo
  • Fomento à economia
  • To build a positive legacy in territories we operate;
    Pessoas e comunidades
  • Identificação e indenização
  • Educação e cultura
  • Saúde e bem-estar
  • Comunidades tradicionais e indígenas
  • Engajamento e diálogo
  • Fomento à economia
  • To contribute in achievement of global and national biodiversity goals.
    Focused on these commitments, Vale’s long-term purpose is to prevent and neutralize significant losses of biodiversity in our projects and expansions in areas of high biodiversity value achieve, with a focus on No Net Loss¹ in biodiversity.
    ¹ When losses are equal to gains. There are impacts, but we take measures to prevent and minimize them, and when not possible, we implement rehabilitation/ restoration and offset.

    KPIs Reports

    To monitor the performance of its operational impacts on biodiversity, Vale uses the GRI system indicators (GRI 304: Biodiversity), which are reported annually by the operating units and whose results are disclosed in the Sustainability Report. Moreover, biodiversity management plans specific to some operational areas presents indicators related to programs and measures, as well as those from the GRI.


    Operational sites owned, leased, managed in, or adjacent to, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity value outside protected areas.
    Protected or recovered habitats.
    Amount of land (owned or leased, used for productive or extractive activities) altered or rehabilitated.
    Total number of species included in the IUCN Red List and in the domestic preservation list with habitats in areas affected by operations of the company, detailed by level of risk of extinction.

    Indicator 1

    Vale protects or helps protect an area approximately 11 times larger than the total area occupied by our operational units. Click here to find out more details about the protected areas.
    Modal 1 Modal 2 Modal 3 Modal 4 Modal 5  
    Vale's operational areas overlap with areas of high biodiversity value, such as hotspots and wilderness areas.
    Impacted areas and categories of relevance/value for biodiversity GRI 304-1
    Total impacted area
    Total impacted area in Wilderness
    Total impacted area in Hotspots
    Impacted areas in protected areas
    Impacted areas adjacent to protected areas
    Impacted areas in priority areas for conservation outside protected areas
    Impacted areas adjacent to priority areas for conservation outside protected areas
    Note: it is important to highlight that the Protected Areas that are impacted by Vale's operations refer to sustainable use conservation units (according to Brazilian legislation and corresponding internationally to IUCN V and VI categories), with creation decrees that allow Vale's activities to be carried out there. 
    Most of the areas impacted in Protected Areas refer to our operations in Carajás – Pará state/Brazil, located in the Carajás National Forest and Tapirapé Aquiri National Forest, sustainable use conservation units (IUCN Category VI), whose creation decrees allow our activities. Besides our operations located in the Minas Gerais Iron Quadrangle  region - Brazil, which has interference in the Southern Environmental Protection Area - APA Sul RMBH, also a sustainable use conservation unit (IUCN Category V).
    Protected Areas adjacent to our operations are mostly composed of conservation units owned by Vale (Private Reserves of Natural Heritage - IUCN Category IV - already established and some still in the process of being created) purposely located near our operational units to ensure their effective management, in addition to conservation units created and supported by Vale - such as Campos Ferruginosos National Park (IUCN Category II) created in the scope of the licensing of the S11D Eliezer Batista Complex. It is important to make clear that adjacent Protected Areas are those located within a 10 km buffer from the operations.
    In regards to other classes of areas of high importance for biodiversity, our operations interfere with or are adjacent to some Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) and Ramsar Sites, as shown in the following table.
    Country/ Location
    Operation type
    Important biodiversity área category
    Brazil/ Mariana
    Mine/industrial plant
    Portions within
    Brazil/ Ipatinga
    Logistics/ Railroad
    Ramsar Site
    Brazil/ Carajás
    Portions within
    Brazil/ São Luis
    Ramsar Site
    Indonesia/ Sulawesi
    Mine/ Industrial plant
    Portions within
    Wales/ Clydach
    Industrial plant
    Ramsar Site
    *For the adjacent area, a 10 km buffer was considered, generated from the external limits of the areas of high importance for biodiversity, and its overlap with the area of the operational unit was evaluated.
    We have operations in areas of high biodiversity value and we are committed to responsible management of our impacts, based on the impact mitigation hierarchy, in addition to supporting conservation initiatives. In Carajás, we have been supporting protection, research and education in the conservation units for more than 30 years.

    Vale commits to not operate in UNESCO Word Natural Heritage Sites

    In 2021, Vale made a public commitment to not operate in UNESCO Natural World Heritage Sites. The Vale Natural Reserve (RNV), a protected area owned by the company dedicated to the conservation of 23,000 ha of Atlantic Forest remnants, as well as the Sooretama Biological Reserve (REBio), an area that Vale protects in partnership with ICMBio, are part of the Discovery Coast Atlantic Forest Reserves World Heritage Site, and also constitute a Key Area for Biodiversity Conservation.


    It’s worth noting that Vale’s Natural Reserve (RNV), an area owned by Vale aimed at conserving 23 thousand hectares of remaining Atlantic Forest; as well as the Sooretama Biological Reserve, an area that Vale protects in partnership with ICMBio, are part of the World Natural Heritage Site of the Atlantic Forest Discovery Coast Reserves.


    More information on Vale’s Natural Reserve can be found here.

    Indicator 2

    Amount of land (owned or leased, used for productive or extractive activities) altered or rehabilitated.
    Opening and closing balance (G4 MM1)
    2022 km2
    Impacted areas (opening balance)
    Impacted areas in the reference year
    Areas in permanent recovery in the reference year
    Impacted areas (closing balance)

    Indicator 3

    Number of species included in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list and domestic conservation list with habitats in areas affected by the organization's operations.
    In 2022, 4,175 species were recorded as occurring in habitats impacted by Vale's operations or located near operations. Of these, 78 are considered endangered according to the IUCN categories: Critically Endangered (5), Endangered (20) and Vulnerable (53).
    Species included in red lists have habitats affected by our national and international operations (GRI 304-4)
    MMA (2014)
    IUCN (2018)
    Vulnerable (VU)
    Near-threatened (NT)
    Endangered (EN)
    Critically Endangered (CR)

    GRI G4-MM2

    The number and percentage of operational units that require biodiversity management plans according to stated criteria, and the number (percentage) of those units with plans in force.
    Operations that generate significant impacts in areas of high biodiversity value require Biodiversity Management Plans, whether due to legal obligations or voluntary commitments. Among all our operational units evaluated in 2022, 47 (88.7%) required the elaboration of biodiversity management plans (GRI G4 MM2). Of these, 80.9% already have management plans in place, and the remainder have plans under implementation or planned.

    CDP Forests

    Since 2021 Vale also started submitting the CDP Forests questionnaire.

    CDP Forestry

    Since 2021 Vale also started submitting the CDP Forestry questionnaire

    Goals and Deadlines

    Vale has established a long-term goal to reach No Net Loss, focused on reducing significant biodiversity's losses. This commitment is completely aligned with the commitments made in the Sustainability Policy and with the company's sustainability strategy. To achieve this goal, we are working to implement and reinforce the entire risk, impact, attributes and performance management process.
    Another commitment, set in 2019 in our 2030 Agenda brings the Forestry Goal - Recover and protect 500,000 hectares of areas by 2030. This goal is associated with the ambition to leave positive results for the nature. This goal is also aligned and could contribute to the Brazilian commitment to recover 12 million hectares of native vegetation, as provided for in the National Policy for the Recovery of Native Vegetation.
    Furthermore, the Vale's agenda also includes goals related to water and climate change, in Agenda 2030, that are also connected to biodiversity as they are associated with the reduction of interferences related to important ecosystem services, with the reduction of fresh water withdrawal and the emission of greenhouse gases. (New water withdrawal reduction target, greenhouse gas emission reduction targets).

    Our Management

    We have adopted an integrated territory management approach, incorporating and applying concepts related to the Impact Mitigation Hierarchy (HMI)¹ to achieve No Net Loss in the territories where we operate.
    In the risk and impact management efforts, specific diagnoses are developed from the planning of entry into new territories to the final design of the projects, aiming to assess possible interference in areas of natural heritage, protected areas, as well as sensitive habitats and species. All expansion of operations and new projects are preceded by studies of environmental impacts in accordance with the rules and regulations of each country and region in which its operate.
    In 2020, Vale published an internal normative standard that provides guidelines and processes for biodiversity management focused on all stages of the life cycle, from project planning to post-closure. This document brings the Hierarchy Impact Mitigation, risk management, metrics and the necessary processes so that new projects and even operations can assess and manage biodiversity risks and establish goals and actions related to No Net Loss.
    ¹Impact management approach which must be applied sequentially to anticipate and avoid, and where impact prevention is not possible, minimize; when impacts occur, restore; and where significant impacts remain to some extent, offset. The focus of this approach is to avoid net losses of biodiversity by mitigating risks and impacts.

    ICMM commitments and strategic alignments

    As a member of ICMM, Vale is committed to the principles established by the Board and in 2019 reinforced its commitment to Performance Expectation, which is focused on not operating in World Heritage Areas and on the implementation and strengthening of the impact mitigation hierarchy , with the objective of not having considerable biodiversity losses.

    Biological Diversity Convention (CDB) and Biodiversity Strategic Plan

    Vale always seeks to be aligned with the commitments and goals established by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CDB). Protection and recovery of natural environments, maintenance of essential ecosystem services, reduction of  species' threats are part of these goals and are aligned with our 2030 Agenda based on the forest goal, as well as our biodiversity strategy that has the long-term objective of neutralizing impacts on biodiversity.

    Impact Management

    Vale follows the best methods, technologies and actions that allow the least interference in natural resources. Even so, the operations have direct and indirect impacts on biodiversity. We work with prevention, mitigation, control, recovery and compensation measures that are not restricted only to legal obligations, with the aim of incorporating the protection of components of biodiversity and ecosystem services into our activities, thus seeking, whenever possible, to implement actions volunteers focused on conservation.
    Focused on improving and maximizing the results of these actions, Vale establishes partnerships with specialists in biodiversity, such as universities, governmental organizations and consultancy in search of consistent environmental studies, mitigation, recovery and compensation activities that constitute effective action plans, in addition to encourage the generation and dissemination of knowledge.

    Policies and Standards

    Since it is a multidisciplinary subject, Vale’s guidelines concerning biodiversity are reflected in the Sustainability Policy, with the principle of prioritizing risk and impact management, pursuing zero harm to employees and communities and leaving a positive social, economic and environmental legacy in territories where Vale operates.
    In 2020, Vale published an internal normative standard that provides guidelines and processes for managing biodiversity focused on all stages of the projects' life cycle.

    Vision of Risks

    Our operations today occupy around 877 km², with the main risks and direct and indirect impacts on biodiversity being associated with changes in natural environments and changes in land use, which alter the components of the physical environment, which in turn instead they function as support for the elements of the biotic environment (flora and fauna). In 2015 Vale carried out a study to map and classify the risks to biodiversity arising from our operations, updated in 2017. The analysis included nine categories of areas and/or territories relevant to biodiversity, according to global and national organizations (KBA, Protected Areas, Wilderness Areas , Hotspots, occurrence of Endangered Species IUCN, among others) to which weights have been attributed that characterize its importance in relation to biodiversity.

    The analyzes were made considering the insertion of the operational areas in these areas and/or territories, which generated the risk note.
    We analyzed 97% of the total number of operational areas of Vale located in 14 countries. High risk areas for biodiversity were those located in Brazil, in the Amazon and Atlantic Forest, as well as in Indonesia. These areas were considered to be priorities for actions to manage risks and impacts on biodiversity, as well as for reporting.

    Out of the 33 units with operating activities (representing 97% of Vale’s total) evaluated in 14 countries, we obtained the following results:

    10 units

    Low Risk

    14 units

    Medium Risk

    9 units

    High Risk
    In June 2020, we established a partnership with the IBAT (Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool) to assist in risk and impact analysis in the initial phases of projects, supporting the guidelines of the normative standard focused on Biodiversity Management.

    Voluntary Initiatives

    Please find below the highlights of our performance in biodiversity. These initiatives reinforce our commitment and confirm that it is possible to integrate biodiversity to mining.

    Business Nature

    In 2020, reinforcing its commitment to the biodiversity conservation, Vale joined the Call for Action of Business for Nature, a union of efforts by companies and institutions to protect our planet and reverse the significant nature losses. It is the first time that so many companies are moving in the same direction with the purpose of influencing discussions for the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework delivery at COP-15.
    Call for Action brought together a list of more than 500 large companies to demand that governments and world leaders adopt environmental policies in this decade. Among the requests is the reinforcement of the protection of the Amazon, a cause already supported by Vale for over 30 years, and adherence to the international biodiversity agenda.
    To participate in the action, the companies that integrate Business for Nature need to have public commitments and focused goals to contain the biodiversity loss and protect natural resources.

    Biodiversity Experience Project

    Implemented in 2017, the project promotes annual meetings in celebration of the International Biological Diversity day.
    This project was designed for the purpose of exchanging experiences from the enrollment and submittal of papers that reflect initiatives and solutions in biodiversity, implemented and executed in all Vale’s units, stressing the importance of the subject for the company and the experiences, as well as expanding knowledge.

    Vale’s Natural Reserve

    Contributing to a Biodiversity Hotspot Conservation.
    Vale’s Natural Reserve (RNV) is a Company’s property located in Brazil (State of Espírito Santo) which protects 23,000 hectares of Atlantic Forest, the most threatened biome of the country. This reserve works in four pillars - conservation of biological diversity and ecosystems services, scientific research, education and forest rehabilitation.
    In partnership with ICMBio, Vale supports the protection of the Sooretama Biological Reserve (Rebio), amounting to about 50,000 ha.
    The Reserve protects approximately 5,000 species of plants and animals of the Atlantic Forest, comprising more than 160 endangered species and 64 endemic species.
    It maintains one of the largest nurseries of native seedlings of the Atlantic Forest, with the capacity to produce three million seedlings per year.
    It has a world-renowned herbarium, which shares knowledge and supports research in various locations.
    In RNV there is also a space for public use intended for leisure activities and environmental education hosting courses and events related to biome research.
    The Eu Pesquisador project brings together researchers from projects developed in the Reserve to share knowledge, arouse interest and raise awareness among students and teachers of public schools in the region about the importance of Biodiversity. In 2019, 137 students and six teachers from three state schools in the municipality of Sooretama were involved. The Project had the partnership of the Municipal Departments of Education and Transport of Sooretama / ES and researchers from the Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES), Pitágoras and Universidade Vila Velha (UVV) institutions.

    Vale Fund

    Sustainable Development Allied with Biodiversity Conservation
    Over 12 years of operation, the fund has 90 projects, allocating approximately R$ 212 million, focusing on conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. It has been recognized among the TOP 10 financiers of Amazon Rainforest conservation actions, in a study by the Moore Foundation. It works in a logic of cooperation with civil society organizations, many of them national and international references in sustainability, emphasizing their reputation, field presence and effective results in the Brazilian socio-environmental agenda.
    The experience accrued by the Vale Fund has shown that the conservation of the Amazon Rainforest comprises the success of an economy that values the standing forest. Thus, since 2015, the Vale Fund has been striving to strengthen its strategy to support forest-based and sustainable production chains. As of 2017, its strategy is focused on fostering a socio-environmental business ecosystem. The idea is to create a more vibrant environment of sustainable business with measurable positive impacts, as well as financial instruments that leverage forest-based and low-carbon chains.
    For more information on Vale Fund, access the website

    Conservation projects

    Furthermore, with regard to partnerships, Vale funded conservation projects for endangered species, with emphasis on:
    • “Amigos da Jubarte” (Humpback whale) Project - in partnership with Instituto O Canal, Baleia Jubarte Institute, Vitória City Hall and Espírito Santo’s Federal University.
    • “Onça-pintada – the Competition project” (Jaguar), big cats coexistence and general health in the Atlantic Forest of Tabuleiro, developed in the Vale’s Natural Reserve (RNV) since 2005 and in partnership with UVV.
    • Study of Medium and Large Mammals endangered with the use of Drone - partnership with UFV developed at Vale's protected areas in the Iron Quadrangle region.
    • Harpia Project - partnership with UFES and INPA developed at Vale Nature Reserve.

    Research and conservation projects

    Since 2010, Vale has been working - from the Executive Management of Technology and Innovation - to Sustainability - in agreements and partnerships with research fostering institutions (FAPESPA, FAPESP, FAPEMIG, among others) and universities. In 2019, several projects were developed with these institutions’ support and with various universities’ partnerships, such as UFV, UFRJ, UFES and UFMG. These include projects related to environmental rehabilitation, technology applied to study of endangered mammals and ecosystem services in protected areas.

    Since 2009, Vale has the Vale Technological Institute - Mining and Sustainable Development (ITV DS) in Belém, a non-profit institution for postgraduate research and education. This institution has a group of researchers dedicated to studies related to biodiversity and ecosystem services with focus on the Carajás National Forest.
    Since 2009, Vale has the Vale Technological Institute - Mining and Sustainable Development (ITV DS) in Belém, a non-profit institution for postgraduate research and education. This institution has a group of researchers dedicated to studies related to biodiversity and ecosystem services with focus on the Carajás National Forest.
    The research carried out at ITV is oriented towards social and environmental issues that challenge the mining chain, primarily in the territories where Vale operates. The Institute’s agenda focuses on biodiversity, environmental services, water resources, environmental genomics, reforestation with native species, recovery of degraded areas, climate change, occupation and use of land and socioeconomics. 
    In addition to research, ITV is involved in training people through the professional Sustainable Use of Natural Resources in Tropical Regions master’s program.
    “ITV works for creating future options, through scientific research and technology development and expand Vale’s knowledge and business frontiers in a sustainable manner.”
    For more information access the ITV website

    Brazilian Business Commitment to Biodiversity

    In 2020, Vale joined the Brazilian Business Commitment for Biodiversity proposed by the Brazilian Business Council for Sustainable Development (CEBDS). We further reinforce our commitment to invest in research, conservation, environmental recovery and dissemination of the knowledge produced in our areas

    BioPark Vale Amazônia

    Among the additional and voluntary actions related to the conservation of biodiversity, the Biopark Vale Amazônia, located in the National Forest of Carajás, houses a squad with 70 species of Amazonian fauna and more than 360 individuals, acting in the ex-situ conservation of endemic and endangered species. These are animals from rescues in the company's operations, in addition to apprehensions and rescues by environmental agencies.
    The Biopark works with important actions of environmental education and awareness for conservation, it has received more than 1 million visitors in 10 years, about 120,000 visitors per year, among families, schools, and other educational institutions.

    Commitments with Biodiversity Conservation

    These initiatives reinforce our commitment and confirm that it is possible to integrate biodiversity to mining.

    The Iron Quadrangle region

    Vale’s Protected Areas: Formation of Ecological Corridors and Conservation of Endangered Species in the Iron Quadrangle.
    In the Iron Quadrangle region, in Minas Gerais (Brazil) which is home to the Brazilian Savanah (Cerrado) and Atlantic Forest biome, there are approximately 61,000 hectares of protected areas as a result of Vale’s environmental offset actions, legal reserves and voluntary initiatives.
    This area represents 2.2 times the area of our operations in the Iron Quadrangle region. These protected spaces are established in order to create a mosaic of connectivity between legal reserves, conservation units and other protected areas from third parties, resulting in significant ecological corridors that play their role in maintaining biodiversity.


    In Carajás (Brazil, State of Pará, Amazon rainforest biome), Vale helps to protect almost 800,000 hectares of native forests and associated natural ecosystems, with approximately 7,000 species of protected plants and animals. . In this area, Vale helps to create and maintain, in partnership with ICMBio, the Carajás Ferruginous Fields National Park, which comprises over 79,000 hectares of protected forests and field vegetation. This park supports the preservation of the remaining ferruginous field vegetation in the north of Brazil and extends the protection to more than 22,000 hectares of areas connected to the Carajás National Forest.

    Species recovery, restoration and conservation

    Focused on the reproduction of considering rare native species of the Iron Quadrangle region of Minas Gerais, endemic and endangered species, a Biofactory is dedicated to the recovery and restoration of areas using key-species for the region's biodiversity conservation.

    Protected areas and conservation units

    Vale operates within conservation units in high biodiversity value regions, always respecting the legal requirements in each category of Conservation Unit. In Carajás, for example, there are operations in the Carajás National Forest (Minas in Serra Norte and S11D) and in the Tapirapé Aquiri National Forest (Salobo). These are sustainable use conservation units, a category that allows human activities in joint development with the biodiversity conservation. In Minas Gerais, most of the operational units of the Iron Quadrangle are located within the Southern Environmental Protection Area (APA Sul, in portuguese), also in the category of conservation units for sustainable use.
    In pursuit of biodiversity conservation, Vale establishes partnerships with conservation units of third parties, in which it invests in infrastructure, ecosystem protection (firebreaks, fences, prevention and fighting against fire and hunting), research and innovation.

    Recovery of degraded areas

    Both the planning and execution of the recovery of degraded areas, RAD in Portuguese, are the responsibility of the operating units that integrate the company's mining complexes and logistical corridors (ports and railways), so that the recovery process incorporates ecological, aesthetic-landscape, socio-economic and cultural values different territories in which it operates. The corporate area, in addition to providing technical support, has the role of standardizing the technical, administrative and operational procedures applicable to RAD, in addition to promoting the collection and consolidation of the main performance indicators, with the view to support decision-making and give visibility to the theme.
    In order to align the process with the Sustainability Policy, Vale established the RAD System Management Standard, whose objective is to define and standardize the general guidelines to be observed in the planning and execution of the recovery activities of degraded areas of the company nation ambit.


    We’ve been in the Amazon for more than 30 years, helping to protect approximately 800 thousand hectares in partnership with Brazil’s ICMBio. The area is five times the size of São Paulo’s capital city and represents a total of 490 million tons of carbon equivalent.
    In the last decade, through our Fundo Vale, we supported more than 70 initiatives led by research institutions, governmental agencies, NGOs and startups. These partnerships have enabled us to protect more than 23 million hectares of rainforest.
    Through Vale Foundation, we invest in social projects in the states of Pará and Maranhão, in areas such as health, education, culture and income generation.
    For that reason, we are reaffirming our commitment to promoting sustainable development in the region:
    • To respect and promote the rights and the culture of indigenous peoples and traditional communities.
    • To support the fight against illegal mining and logging, in addition to promoting spatial planning and land regularization in consolidated areas.
    • To invest in renewable energy sources and to reduce carbon emissions, with goals adhering to the Paris Agreement.
    • To promote the inclusion of forests in the carbon markets through REDD and other mechanisms.
    • To encourage environmental protection and restoration initiatives, highlighting the value of the rainforest, increasing carbon sequestration and stocking, and ensuring that we continue to offer environmental stewardship services.
    This is how we’re advancing the New Pact with Society we have established.


    The Biodiversity and Forest Conservation and Management has great challenges, among them is the search for new technologies to allows the implementation of increasingly sustainable projects. All this involves not only companies, but also government, university, and other research institutions’ initiatives which may work together to develop and implement these efforts.
    Increasing knowledge of protected areas and improving risk analysis on biodiversity are also part of the challenges that Vale is facing - as these measures strengthen the foundations for risk analysis and impact prevention, as well as for the planning of mitigation and conservation measures. Investments in research and development actions that are already part of this strategy are a great opportunity to ensure successful outcomes for these challenges.

    Business Case

    Vale & Biodiversity - results of initiatives that realize our strategy
    The Flora of Carajás
    Carajás’ ferruginous canga has been the subject of a research developed by 145 researchers from 30 institutions in the country and abroad. As a result, the Carajás region now has one of the best studied floras in the country, which contributes to its conservation. A total of 1,094 distinct species in 164 families have been identified.
    One of the aspects that made the work unique was the collection of plant samples for producing genetic identifiers known as DNA bar codes through sequencing, which resulted in the production of a reference library for flora, allowing species and their evolutionary relationships to be rapidly and objectively identified.
    The results also enabled the development to be developed to use of plant DNA existing in the soil, as a new molecular tool for environmental monitoring. The results of the flora research published in 169 articles in four issues of the journal Rodriguésia, from the Botanical Garden of Rio de Janeiro, and in another 10 additional works. The same approach is being applied in the study of the flora of the Amazon Forest and the cave biota.
    Biodiversity, Mining and Conservation
    Today, about 1 million hectares of forest, mostly in the Amazon, is protected by Vale, directly or through partnerships. We committed to recover and protect 500,000 ha by 2030. Once we do it, it will be an area greater than the Northern Ireland.
    For decades Vale has been protecting the Amazon forest, while mining the largest iron ore mine in the world. Thus, the image below shows how, unfortunately, almost all the surrounding area outside the borders of the protected area have been deforested over the past 30 years, being practically intact only the area Vale helps protect.

    Read Also

    Impacted Territories

    We work to prevent risks, mitigate impacts and build a social legacy to the communities affected by our operations

    Read more


    Our commitment is to reduce water collection by 10% by 2030

    Read more